How does home automation work?

Home automation is a network that integrates your everyday home devices with one another via the Internet. Each device has sensors and is connected through Wi-Fi, which allows you to control them using your smartphone or tablet whether you are at home, or miles away. This allows you to turn on the lights, lock the front door, or even turn down the heat, no matter where you are.

There are two main elements of a home automation system: A controller and a network of actuators.

  • Controllers refer to the devices — personal computers, tablets, or smartphones — used to send and receive messages about the status of automated features in your home.
  • Actuators are light switches, smart bulbs, smart locks, cameras, bridges & thermostats that control the actual mechanism, or function, of an automated home environment. They are programmed to be activated by a remote command from a controller.

What features are available through home automation systems?

Home automation systems offer a variety of services and functions. Some of the more common features available through these platforms include:

  • Energy monitoring
  • Remote lighting control
  • Thermostat control
  • Appliance control
  • Monitoring home using security systems and cameras
  • Alarm systems
  • Real-time alerts on smartphone
  • Digital personal assistant integration
  • Contactless living
  • Voice-activated control


Although these are the current feature that Home Automation technology has to offer, it always evolving to best cater to household needs making the future of smart home technology is very bright and interesting for every homeowner.